Determinant Factors of Foot Condition of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

  • Sanny Frisca Universitas Katolik Musi Charitas
Keywords: determinant, diabetes mellitus, foot care, knowledge, hyperglicemia

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease that can lead hyperglicemia condition. Hyperglicemia can cause macrovasculer, microvascular, and neurophaty diseases which lead to foot disease. To prevent it, patients need knowledge and practice of foot care. This study aimed to find factors that contribute to patient’s knowledge and foot condition. The data were collected by a questionnaire to assess patient’s knowledge and an observation checklist to assess patient’s foot condition. The bivariate analysis used Kendall Tau test and ordinal regression for multivariate. This study had 30 respondents with characteristic of pre-elderly age (56.7%), graduating from high school (76.7%), living with DM <1 year (53.3%), hyperglicemia (53.3%), low in knowledge (73.3%), and having a bad foot condition (73.3%). The results showed that respondents’ characteristics have no significant correlation to knowledge and foot condition. The analysis results of Kendall Tau test showed that hyperglicemia (τ=0.409; p=0.012) and patients’ knowledge (τ=0.480; p=0.015) significantly related to foot condition. Hyperglicemia and patients’ knowledge became predictor of foot condition with determinant coefision of 39.5%. Thus, if patients have a good knowledge and do not have hyperglicemia, they will achive a good foot condition. Therefore, education about foot care and how to stabilize blood sugar to the patients is necessary for further study.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ADA. (2021a). 2. Classification and diagnosis of diabetes: Standards of medical care in diabetes-2021. Diabetes Care. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc21-S002

ADA. (2021b). Improving care and promoting health in populations: Standards of medical care in diabetes−2021. Diabetes Care. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc21-s001

ADA. (2021c). Microvascular complications and foot care: Standards of medical care in diabetes—2021. Diabetes Care. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc21-S011

Andersson, E., Persson, S., Hallén, N., Ericsson, Å., Thielke, D., Lindgren, P., Steen Carlsson, K., & Jendle, J. (2020). Costs of diabetes complications: hospital-based care and absence from work for 392,200 people with type 2 diabetes and matched control participants in Sweden. Diabetologia. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-020-05277-3

Ayu Indrianisa, S., & Nisa, R. (2020). Relationship knowledge of diabetic foot care with the occurrence diabetic ulcer in Puskesmas Teguhan. Journal of Vocational Nursing. https://doi.org/10.20473/jovin.v1i2.23559

Ekoru, K., Doumatey, A., Bentley, A. R., Chen, G., Zhou, J., Shriner, D., Fasanmade, O., Okafor, G., Eghan, B., Agyenim-Boateng, K., Adeleye, J., Balogun, W., Amoah, A., Acheampong, J., Johnson, T., Oli, J., Adebamowo, C., Collins, F., Dunston, G., … Rotimi, C. (2019). Type 2 diabetes complications and comorbidity in Sub-Saharan Africans. EClinicalMedicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2019.09.001

Frisca, S., Redjeki, G. S., dan Supardi, S., (2019). Efektivitas Edukasi terhadap Perilaku Perawatan Kaki Pasien Diabetes Mellitus. Carolus Journal of Nursing. http://ejournal.stik-sintcarolus.ac.id/index.php/CJON/article/view/19/14

Graves, L. E., & Donaghue, K. C. (2020). Vascular Complication in Adolescents With Diabetes Mellitus. In Frontiers in Endocrinology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2020.00370

Harding, J. L., Pavkov, M. E., Magliano, D. J., Shaw, J. E., & Gregg, E. W. (2019). Global trends in diabetes complications: a review of current evidence. In Diabetologia. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-018-4711-2

IDF. (2019). International Diabetes Federation - Complications. In Idf.Org.

Ignatavicius, D., & Workman, M. L. (2016). Medical-Surgical Nursing Patients-Centered Collaborative Care. In Elsevier.

International Diabetes Federation. (2019). International Diabetes Federation - Complications. In Idf.Org.

Kemenkes. (2015). Petunjuk teknis pengelolaan kaki diabetes berbasis masyarakat.

Muzaffar, J., Mehraj, M., & Kaleem, M. (2017). Evaluation and management of diabetic foot. International Journal of Advanced Research. https://doi.org/10.21474/ijar01/6087

Roque, A. R., Cauduro, F. L. F., & Moraes, D. C. N. de. (2017). Lower limb self-care among diabetic insulin users. Fisioterapia em Movimento. https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-5918.030.004.ao17

Seid, A., & Tsige, Y. (2015). Knowledge, Practice, and Barriers of Foot Care among Diabetic Patients Attending Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia. Advances in Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/934623

Williams, R., Karuranga, S., Malanda, B., Saeedi, P., Basit, A., Besançon, S., Bommer, C., Esteghamati, A., Ogurtsova, K., Zhang, P., & Colagiuri, S. (2020). Global and regional estimates and projections of diabetes-related health expenditure: Results from the International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Atlas, 9th edition. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108072

Published
2023-11-06
How to Cite
Frisca, S. (2023). Determinant Factors of Foot Condition of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus. Faletehan Health Journal, 10(03), 231-235. https://doi.org/10.33746/fhj.v10i03.316