The Effectivity of Health Counseling to the Increase of Attitude and Motivation in Preventing Iron Deficiency Anemia in Pregnant Women

  • Darmawati Darmawati Bagian Keilmuan Keperawatan Maternitas Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh
  • Elly Wardani Universitas Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh
  • Cut Husna Universitas Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh
  • Nia Saumiana Universitas Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh
Keywords: Iron deficiency anemia, Health Counseling, Attitudes, Motivation


Iron deficiency anemia is the common type of anemia which is about 75% of all types of anemia and it is known as the death cause of maternal including postpartum hemorrhage, eclampsia, infectious diseases, and placenta previa. Attitude and motivation of the mother are needed to prevent iron deficiency anemia from causing this condition. One of the efforts that could be done is through health counseling. This research aimed to understand the effectiveness of health counseling toward attitude and motivation in preventing iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women. The research was an experimental study with one group pre-test post-test design. Sample collection technique implemented was quota sampling with 50 respondents. Data collection was carried out using questionnaires attitude and motivation that had been analyzed by using Wilcoxon sign test. The result showed  that health counseling was effective in increasing respondent's attitude (p-value was 0.000) and motivation (p-value was 0,000), with the difference in the mean value of pre-test and post-test were 4.46 and 1.86 respectively. It is expected for health workers to improve counseling programs about iron deficiency anemia, so that pregnant women have a positive attitude and high motivation to prevent iron deficiency anemia.


Achebe, M. M., & Gafter-gvili, A. (2017). How I treat anemia in pregnancy: iron, cobalamin, and folate. Blood, 129(8), 940–949.

Alam, D. K. (2012). Warning! Ibu Hamil. Surakarta: Ziyad Visi Media.

Darmawati, Tahlil, T., Siregar, T. N., Kamil, H., & Audina, M. (2018). Antenatal care and iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women. In Proceeding of The 8th AIC: Health and Life Sciences 2018 – Syiah Kuala University (pp. 13–24).

Dinkes Aceh. (2017). Profil Kesehatan Aceh Tahun 2016, 1–160.

Jalambadani, Z., Borji, A., & Delkhosh, M. (2018). The effect of education based on the theory of planned behavior on iron supplementation among pregnant women. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 39(6), 370–374.

Jalambo, M. O., Naser, I. A., Sharif, R., & Karim, N. (2017). Knowledge , Attitude and Practices of Iron Deficient and Iron Deficient Anaemic Adolescents in the Gaza Strip , Palestine. Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 9(1), 51–56.

Kemenkes RI. (2017). Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2016. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Lokeshwar, M. R., Mehta, M., Mehta, N., Shelke, P., & Babar, N. (2011). Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA): How far have we reached? Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 78(5), 593–602.

Ningsih, D. U. (2011). Pengaruh Penyuluhan Kesehatan Terhadap Motivasi dalam Upaya Pencegahan Primer Kanker Serviks Pada Siswi Kelas X di SMA Negeri 1 Sanden, Bantul, Yogyakarta. Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan ’Aisyiyah.

Peyman, N., & Abdollahi, M. (2016). The relationship between health literacy and self-efficacy physical activity in postpartum women. Journal of Health Literacy, 1(1), 5–12.

Purbadewi, L., & Ulvie, Y. N. S. (2013). Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Tentang Anemia dengan Kejadian Anemia Pada Ibu Hamil, 2(1), 31–39.

Sholihah, Q., & Hanafi, A. S. (2017). The Differences Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior Prior and After Counseling of Anemia and Balance Menus. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 7(1), 120–127.

Stoltzfus, R. j., & Dreyfuss, M. l. (1998). International Nutritional Anemia Consultative Group, WHO, UNICEF Guidelines for the Use of Iron Supplements to Prevent and Treat Iron Deficiency Anemia. Washington DC, USA.

Sumiyati, Hastuti, P., & Widiastuti, A. (2018). Efektivitas penyuluhan kesehatan terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap ibu balita tentang TB partu pada anak di Kabupaten Banyumas. Link, 14(1), 7–13.

How to Cite
Darmawati, D., Wardani, E., Husna, C., & Saumiana, N. (2020). The Effectivity of Health Counseling to the Increase of Attitude and Motivation in Preventing Iron Deficiency Anemia in Pregnant Women. Faletehan Health Journal, 7(02), 92-96.